From The Alpha and the Omega - Chapter Four
by Jim A. Cornwell, Copyright © 1995, all rights reserved

   From Egyptian Civilization Its Sumerian origin & Real Chronology And Sumerian origin of Egyptian Hieroglyphs, by Louis A. Waddell, copyright 1933.
   Louis Waddell states that the Mesopotamian Naram was called "The Wild Bull Lord."
On his page 84-86, it claims that in Egypt King Narmer’s name is from two hieroglyphic signs: Nar and Mar.

   Waddell continues on page 92, as the Obverse has the same Bull emblems and name above, shows the king, with the tall Sumerian and Hittite hat, grasping the forelock of his enemy with the left hand, and with uplifted mace in his right hand preparing to strike his foe, and behind him is his body servant.

   Waddell continues on page 98-99, "The personal name of the captive, Magan chief in a kneeling posture, with his forelock grasped by the king with uplifted mace, is enclosed within a rectangular panel. Above the panel is the Sumerian sign "The Man" (Wulu). The King of Magan is known in Mesopotamia as "Mannu-(?) Dan." This is so minute that a lens is required to see it on the Palette, the name appears to read "Ma-nun-dan." He is pictured as an aboriginal type, with large broad Negroid nose, long matted and woolly hair, naked except for a loin string.

   From Egypt’s Making The Origins of Ancient Egypt 5000-2000 B.C., by Michael Rice, copyright 1990.
   Michael Rice claims in his book in Chapter 3 page 106-107, "The great votive palette of King Narmer, first King of the First Dynasty who is probably to be identified with the near legendary Menes, the Unifier. Narmer’s Palette found at the temple of Hierakonpolis (Hawk City), was laid up in the Falcon capital as an act of piety by a victorious king. It contains many Mesopotamian design elements of early Susian (Elam), as seen on the long neck serpopards."
Then on page 107-108, "Obverse: (Plate 55a pg. 157 The Crown of Upper Egypt) King as ruler of the southern kingdom, wears the high white crown (Upper Egypt)."

   Michael Rice in Chapter 3 page 138 shows that, "Connection with Sinai and Palestine with one detail of Narmer’s Palette, curious object identified as a ‘desert kite,’ an enigmatic category of structure which is found in the Sinai and in the Palestinian deserts, also typical of the northern Arabian desert. The ‘kites,’ long line of stones, interpreted as the remains of corrals or traps for animals, thought to date to the end of the fourth millennium."

   Rice continues on page 107-108, "The King’s name, are syllables of crude glyphs for chisel and catfish. The royal name is also contained within the palace facade serekh (the unification princes)." Then on page 114-115 he states, "Narmer is "Catfish-Chisel" or "The Falcon Catfish-Chisel" is more or less what his name and title mean. He was founder of the First Thinite Dynasty and reigned 64 years, the term attributed to him by Manetho."

Statue head of the god Min

   This limestone head, from Abydos, is a disturbing piece; the King (or god, for it has been suggested that it is from a statue of the Ithyphallic Min) has a distinctly epicene and decadent look about it, not as all like the clear-cut figure who appears on the great palette. However the rather long upper lip and wide-set eyes do strongly recall the portrait of Narmer on his great palette and of the young attendant, perhaps the King’s heir, who is portrayed with him.

   Egyptologists agree that Menes must have entered Upper Egypt by the Red Sea, to the east of Koptos (Coptos) and Abydos. At Koptos exists the oldest known statues of a god in Egypt (three gigantic limestone figures of Min).

   The figure below right is the Palette of Narmer in the Cairo Museum. The object under Horus (Hawk) is a symbol indicating Horus is bringing the King (Narmer) 6000 captives from the marshes. There are Hathor heads on the stems representing the captives.
Palette of Narmer the Obverse Side
   "King Scorpion writes his name in the area between the falcon and the palace facade, and thereby describes himself as ‘Horus Scorpion.’ As a result of this initiative, Scorpion and his successors emerge from prehistoric anonymity, and the god becomes a specific Horus, a Horus X, who in the person of the reigning pharaoh plays a role in the historical world of spatial and temporal particulars. Just as the god Horus will always exist, so too will the ‘Horus in the palace,’ the king. But unlike the god, Horus Scorpion and Horus Narmer are historical entities, who exist only once, as indicated in inscriptions of later pharaohs that speak of a king '‘who in all eternity will not be repeated.' "

   One star name of the constellation Scorpius is Greek letter of Theta and Star name Girtab which is a very old Sumerian word for "scorpion" (more rarely it is called Sargas, another Sumerian word). It is definitely the Sumerian word for the constellation Scorpius. Is this a reference to the original Sargon of Akkad (Agade) before 3200-3000 B.C.? Well before Sargon I of 2400 B.C.

   Also note the Bull symbols on the Palette of Narmer. Taurus the Bull to opposite Scorpius.

   Scorpion was a pre-dynastic King, and some of the symbols associated with it are similar to those seen in Sumerian contexts (a rosette star symbol is one of these, a pear-shaped mace carried by Scorpion on a tablet and by Narmer on the Menes tablet is another).

Return to the Table of Contents - Chapter Four or
go to the next subject The Reverse Side of Narmer’s Palette