Zodiac viewed at bottom starting at 0 Degrees, Decan 0 the Circle of Eight, and then left to right Decan 1 through 12
As presented by the Egyptians the center of the Zodiac is what the Sumerians called the MUL.MUL, stars.
The Man (Aquarius) is seen to its North, the lower left-hand quadrant
- Winter Solstice, i Aquarii.
The Eagle (Scorpius) is seen to its West, the lower right-hand quadrant
- Autumnal, b Scorpii (Girtab).
The Lion (Leo) is seen to its South, the upper right-hand quadrant
- Summer Solstice, a Leonis (Regulus).
The Bull (Taurus) is seen to its East, the upper left-hand quadrant
- Vernal Equinox, h Taurii (Alcyone), of the Pleiades.
Comments: about individuals who have provided information on this subject.
"Mazzaroth: or the Constellations," by Miss Frances Rolleston of Keswick.
Preface: "Unknown, as to the signs; Necepsos, king of Egypt (B.C. 900), is said to have introduced the decans into Egypt."
Part II, pg 60, 61 "The decans, as far as ascertained from Oriental traditions, accord with the signs in which they were found, and for this reason were so formed and allotted."
"The Gospel of the Stars," by Dr. Joseph A. Seiss, of Philadelphia, written in 1892.
pg 169 "no champion or defender of the current theories respecting the origin and meaning of the constellations."
pg 179 "Seldom informs us that in later Jewish writings Mazzaloth are the signs of the Zodiac, and the singular Mazzal is used to denote signs singly. Mazzaloth is the same in the later Hebrew that Mazzaroth was in the more ancient forms."
"The Witness of the Stars," by Ethelbert W. Bullinger, written in 1967.
pg 9 "Indeed, the Zodiacs in the Temples of Denderah and Esneh, in Egypt, are doubbtless copies of Zodiacs still more ancient which, from internal evidence, must be placed nearly 4,000 B.C., when the summer solstices was in Leo."
pg 15 "Zodiac, Gr. Zodiacao, Hebrew Sodi, in Sanscrit means 'a way.' Its etymology has no connection with living creatures, but denotes a way, or step, and is used of the way or path in which the sun appears to move amongst the stars in the course of the year."
Albumazer, an Arab astronomer to the Caliphs of Grennada in A.D. 850.
Ulugh Beigh, Tartar prince and astronomer A.D. 1450 with a Table from ancient Arab astronomy.
One source claims that the Hebrew QEVI'A is equal to KHUFU (i.e. CHEOPS), in the context as meaning "calendric fixing" dating 2340 B.C.
Hebrew keviyah, kev-ee-yaw', from Heb. kavah, kaw-vaw', prick, penetrate, burn, thus a branding, burning.
Hebrew qabal, kaw-bal', a primary root to admit, i.e. take (lit. or fig.), choose, (take) hold, recieve, a word representing the term Kabbalah.
Hebrew qav, kav, from Heb. qavah, kaw-vaw', a primary root to bind togenter, also compared to Heb. qaveh, kaw-veh', a (measuring) cord (as if binding), line, thus a cord (as connecting), especially for measuring, fig. a rule.
Mazzaroth is mentioned in the following verses.
Job 38:32 "Canst thou bring forth Mazzaroth in his season? or canst thou guide Arcturus with his sons?"
Isaiah 40:26 "Lift up your eyes on high, and behold who hath created these things, that bringeth out their host by number: he calleth them all by names by the greatness of his might, for that he is strong in power; not one faileth."
Psalm 147:4 "He telleth the number of the stars; he calleth them all by their names."