From The Alpha and the Omega - Introduction
by Jim A. Cornwell, Copyright © 1995, all rights reserved
"HODESH or MONTH -- First usage in the Bible"
A Eighth Day

   The following are from KJV and seen as the bold-underline KJV text, next with parenthesis is seen the (variations for Hebrew) and also the number representing (1, 2, 3, etc.. is the sequence of Hebrew version), and brackets specified the KJV difference as {Not in Hebrew}, and
[(Hebrew letters, with underlined Hebrew letters are the verb form or root verb) with translation.]

(The beginning of the Eighth Day)
   Springs of the Great Deep - 2nd month 17th day in Noah’s 600th year.
Genesis 7:11 "In the six hundredth year of Noah's life, in the second month, the seventeenth day of the month, the same day were all the fountains of the great deep broken up, and the windows of heaven were opened."

   It is in this verse that the first occurrence of the Hebrew word chodesh, "month" enters the Scriptures as not one of the descendants of Adam up to Noah ever mentioned it as such. And from this point on in scripture it is used commonly to describe time of events, based on the recurrence of the new moon and the phases of the moon. It’s as if the moon appeared during the Flood, and may have even been the cause of the Flood due to its interaction with the earth.

Gen. 7:11 (2) {In the} six {hundredth} (hundred)
[(Tau (Vau vowel) Aleph Mem Shin Shin)
M(ay)A(oh)Th, hundred - Heb. me’ah, may-aw’, or me’yah, may-yaw’;
Sh(ay)Sh, six - Heb. shesh, shaysh, masc. shish-shah, shish-shaw’, six, beyond five or the fingers of the hand, sixth, mentioned earlier in Gen. 7:6 as the age of Noah when the flood came upon the earth, as it is here in Gen. 7:11 with a more precise definition.]
(3) (year) [(He Nun Shin) Sh(aw)N(aw)H, years - Heb. shanah, shaw-naw’.]
(1) (in the) year of [(Tau Nun Shin -- Beth) Sh(uh)N(ah)Th, years - Heb. shanah, shaw-naw’.]
(4) Noah's life [((C)Heth Nun -- Yod Yod (C)Heth -- Lamed) no’a, Heb. noah, rest, N(oh)H(ah); Ch(ah)Y(ay)Y, Heb. chay, khah’ee, from Heb. chayah, khaw-yaw’, to live, thus alive, life.],
(6) {in the} second [(Yod Nun Shin -- He) Sh(ay)N(ee), Heb. sheniy, shay-nee’, from Heb. shanah, shaw-naw’, to fold, thus double, i.e. second, also again, either, other, in Gen. 1:16, 6:20 "two" or Sh(uh)N(ah)Y(ih)M," in Gen. 2:25 "both" and also in Gen. 2:13 "second" is shown as Yod Nun Shin. Note Gen. 6:16.]
(5) (in the) month [(Shin Daleth (C)Heth -- Beth) Ch(oh)Dh(eh)Sh, month - Heb. chodesh, kho’-desh, from Heb. chadash, khaw-dash’, to be new, thus the meaning is the new moon, the moon’s revolution around the earth in synodic months (29 ½ days a period from one new moon to the next) and sidereal months (27 1/3 days as related to the stars). Second month Iyyar (Ziv) Apr-May.],
(7) (on) the seventeenth [(Resh Sin Ayin -- He -- Ayin Veth Shin -- Beth) A(aw)S(aw)R, Heb. ‘asar, aw-sawr’, for Heb. ’eser, eh’-ser, or ‘asarah, as-aw-raw’, thus ten (only in combination), i.e. -teen, -teenth;
Sh(ih)V(uh)A(aw)H, seven - Heb. sheba’, sheh’-bah, or (masc.) shib’ah, shib-aw’, from Heb. shaba’, to be complete, thus meaning seven (sacred full one), seven times, by seven, seventeenth.]
(8) day of the month [(Shin Daleth (C)Heth -- Lamed -- Final Mem (Vau vowel) Yod) Ch(oh)Dh(eh)Sh, month - Heb. chodesh, kho’-desh, from Heb. chadash, khaw-dash’, to be new, thus the meaning is the new moon; day - Heb. yom, Gr. hemera.],
(9) {the same day} (on that day) [(He Zayin -- He -- Final Mem (Vau vowel) Yod -- Beth) Z(eh)H, Heb. zeh, this or that, "the same (on that)" or "in this," seen in Gen. 7:1 He Zayin -- He;
day - Heb. yom, Gr. hemera.]
(11) {were} all the fountains of [(Tau -- Nun Yod Ayin Mem -- Lamed Caph)
M(ah)A(uh)Y(uh)N(oh), fountains - Heb. ma’yan, mah-yawn’, or ma’yenow (Psa. 114:8), mah-yen-o’, or (fem.) ma’yanah, mah-yaw-naw’, from Heb. ‘ayin (sense of a spring), thus a fountain, a source, spring, well, as mentioned earlier in Gen. 6:17, 7:6 "place of the spring" is the Hebrew ma’yan, also see fountain, as in the rise of the ocean; also "the floodgates of the heavens," which is rain;
K(oh)L, Heb. kol, kole, the whole, all, any or every (one, place, or thing), as many as, whatsoever, whosoever, enough, howsoever.]
(12) the great deep [(He Beth Resh -- Final Mem (Vau vowel) He Tau)
R(ah)B(aw)H, great - Heb. rab, abundant, great, increase, plenteous, populous, also see Heb. rabah, raw-baw’, to make great, heap, enlarge, multiply;
T(uh)H(oh)M, deep - Heb. tehowm, the-home’, or tehom, usually fem. from Heb. huwm, hoom, to make an uproar, and compared to the Heb. amam, haw-mam’, to put in commotion, disturb, thus it means an abyss (as a surging mass of water), the deep (the main sea or the subterranean water-supply), in the creation story of Gen. 1:2 the "great deep" is the Hebrew tehom, from the word deep - Heb. metsulah, "the ocean," metsolah, "torment," tehom, chaos, subterranean water, amiq, mysterious, amoq, depth, power.]
(10) {broken up} (burst forth) [(Vau -- Ayin Qoph Veth -- Nun) V(uh)Q(uh)A, root Ayin Qoph Beth, B(aw)Q(ah)A, baqa’, baw-kah’, to cleave, to rend, break, rip, open, breach, break forth. Although unrelated, note that in Gen. 2:13 the second river "is Gihon," Final Nun (Vau vowel) (C)Heth Yod Gimel, a Hebrew word gihon, burst forth, Gr. Geon).],
(13) and the windows of [(Tau Beth Resh Aleph -- Vau) A(uh-ah)R(oo)B(oh)Th, Heb. ‘arubbah, ar-oob-baw’, a window, chimney, see Gen. 6:16 "A window (a roof)" - Heb. tsohar, and in Gen. 8:6 "window" - Heb. challown, khal-lone’, also hallon.]
(14) {heaven} (the heavens) [(Final Mem Yod Mem Shin -- He) Heb. shamayim, Gr. ouranos, note KJV "the heaven," the Hebrew it is plural "the heavens" implying more than one, also see Gen. 14:19.]
(15) were opened [(Vau -- (C)Heth Tau Pe -- Nun) P(uh)T(aw)Ch, root (C)Heth Tau Pe, P(aw)Th(ah)Ch, opened - Heb. pathach, pah-thakh’, to open wide, spec. to loosen, begin, plough, carve, appear, break forth, draw, open.].

(The beginning of the Eighth Day) Rain - 40 days and 40 nights.

Genesis 7:12 "And the rain was upon the earth forty days and forty nights."
Gen. 7:12 (2) {And the} rain [(Final Mem Shin Gimel -- He) here we find G(eh)Sh(eh)M, rain -Heb. matar, geshem, gheh’-shem, from Heb. gasham, to shower violently, thus heavy rain. Earlier was mentioned the rain in Gen. 7:4 "I (anochi) will send rain" thus the cause is seen as Resh Yod Teth Mem -- Mem, a root Resh Teth Mem, M(aw)T(ah)R, rain -Heb. matar, geshem, heavy rain, yoreh, former rain, malkosh, latter rain, Gr. brecho, hyetos, used in both a literal and a figurative sense.]
(1) {was} (And … fell) [(Yod He Yod Vau) root He Yod He, H(aw)Y(aw)H, Heb. hayah, haw-yaw’, to exist, be or become, come to pass, seen also in Gen. 7:6 "was (came upon)," Gen. 3:22 "is become". Although unrelated to the Hebrew here, as seen earlier in Gen. 4:6 "(has) fallen," is Vau -- Lamed Pe Nun, Gen. 2:21 "to fall" Lamed Pe Yod -- Vau, in Gen. 4:5 "fell" Vau Lamed Pe Yod -- Vau.]
upon the earth [(Final Tzaddi Resh Aleph -- He -- Lamed Ayin) Heb. ’erets, earth, Gr. ge, land;
A(ah)L, Heb. ‘al, al, above, over, upon, against.]
forty [(Final Mem Yod Ayin Beth Resh Aleph) A(ah)R(uh)B(aw)A(ee)M, forty - Heb. ‘arba’iym, ar-baw-eem’, multiple of Heb. ‘arba’, ar-bah’, masc. ‘arba’ah, four, thus forty.]
days [(Final Mem (Vau vowel) Yod) day - Heb. yom, Gr. hemera.]
and forty [(Final Mem Yod Ayin Beth Resh Aleph -- Vau) A(ah)R(uh)B(aw)A(ee)M, forty - Heb. ‘arba’iym, ar-baw-eem’.]
nights [(He Lamed Yod Lamed) L(aw)Y(uh)L(aw)H, Heb. layil, lah’-yil, or (Isa. 21:11) leyl, lale, also layelah, lah’-yel-aw, from the same as Heb. luwl, lool, to fold back, a spiral step, winding stair, thus meaning a twist, night.].

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Mazzaroth in His Season - A Fourth Day Gen. 1:14